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Lowcounty Rice Culture
Bibliography and Online Resources

Enjoy this free college course on The Survey of the Culture of Rice in the Lowcountry.

Other Resources

Lowcountry Life & Plantations:


Edelson, S. Max. Plantation Enterprise in Colonial South Carolina. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2006.
McInnis, Maurie Dee. In Pursuit of Refinement: Charlestonians Abroad, 1740-1860. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999.
McInnis, Maurie Dee. The Politics of Taste in Antebellum Charleston. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
McInnis, Maurie Dee, and Louis P. Nelson. Shaping the Body Politic: Art and Political Formation in Early America. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011.
Morgan, Philip D.  Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake & Lowcountry. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998,
Tuten, James H. Lowcountry Time and Tide: The Fall of the South Carolina Rice Kingdom. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 2010.


Enslaved Africans

Campbell, Edward D. C., ed.  Before Freedom Came: African American Life in the Antebellum South. Richmond: The Museum of the Confederacy and the University Press of Virginia, 1991.
Ferguson, Leland G. Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Early African America, 1650-1800. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1992.
Genovese, Eugene D.  Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Vintage Books, 1976.
Joyner, Charles W. Down by the Riverside: A South Carolina Slave Community. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1984.
Hurmence, Belinda, ed.  Before Freedom, When I Just Can Remember: Twenty-seven Oral Histories of Former South Carolina Slaves. Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, Publisher, 1989.
McInnis, Maurie Dee. Slaves Waiting for Sale: Abolitionist Art and the American Slave Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.
Owens, Leslie Howard.  This Species of Property: Slave Life and Culture in the Old South.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 Through the Stono Rebellion. New York: Random House, 1974.


European Planters

Clinton, Catherine.  The Plantation Mistress: Woman’s World in the Old South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982.
Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. Within The Plantation Household: Black And White Women Of The Old South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.
LeClercq, Anne Sinkler Whaley.  An Antebellum Plantation Household, Including the South Carolina Low Country Receipts and Remedies of Emily Wharton Sinkler. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.
Pennington, Patience (Elizabeth W. Allston Pringle).  A Woman Rice Planter. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961.


Visual Arts
Green, Jonathan.  Gullah Images: The Art of Jonathan Green.  Columbia, SC: University of SC, 1996.
Mack, Angela D. and Stephen G. Hoffius, eds.  Landscape of Slavery: The Plantation in American Art.  Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2008.
Severns, Martha. Alice Ravenel Huger Smith: an artist, a place, and a time.  Charleston, SC: Carolina Art Association (Gibbes Museum of Art), 1993.
Smith, Alice R. Huger, Herbert Ravenel Sass, and D. E. Huger Smith. A Carolina Rice Plantation of the Fifties ; 30 Paintings in Water-Colour. New York: W. Morrow and Co, 1936.


Cultural Traditions & Connections to West Africa:


Branch, Muriel Miller. The Water Brought Us: The Story of the Gullah-Speaking People. Orangeburg: Sandlapper Publishing, 1995.
Holloway, Joseph E., ed.  Africanisms in American Culture.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.
Jones-Jackson, Patricia.  When Roots Die: Endangered Traditions on the Sea Islands.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987.
Joyner, Charles.  Shared Traditions: Southern History and Folk Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.
Lindsay, Nick, ed.  And I’m Glad: An Oral History of Edisto Island. Charleston: Tempus Publishing, 2000.
Lowther, Kevin.  The African American odyssey of John Kizell : a South Carolina slave returns to fight the slave trade in his African homeland. Columbia, SC: University of SC Press, 2011.
Opala, Joseph A. The Gullah: Rice, Slavery, and the Sierra Leone-American Connection. Freetown, Sierra Leone: USIS, 1987.
Pollitzer, Wiliam S.  The Gullah People and Their African Heritage. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1999.
Pyatt, Sherman E. and Alan Johns.  A Dictionary and Catalog of African American Folklife of the South. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.



Burn, Bullie.  Stirrin’ the Pots on Daufuskie. Spartanburg: The Reprint Company, 1991.
Harris, Jessica B. Beyond Gumbo: Creole Fusion Food from the Atlantic Rim. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003. 
Harris, Jessica B. High on the Hog: A Culinary Journey from Africa to America. New York: Bloomsbury, 2011
Harris, Jessica B. Iron Pots and Wooden Spoons: Africa's Gifts to New World Cooking. New York: Atheneum, 1989. 
Harris, Jessica B. The Welcome Table: African-American Heritage Cooking. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. 
Hess, Karen. The Carolina Rice Kitchen: The African Connection. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1992.
Robinson, Sallie Ann.  Gullah Home Cooking the Daufuskie Way. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
Robinson, Sallie Ann, and Gloria J. Underwood. Cooking the Gullah Way, Morning, Noon, and Night. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.



Mitchell, Faith.  Hoodoo Medicine: Sea Islands Herbal Remedies. Reed, Cannon, & Johnson, Co., 1978.
Watson, Wilbur H.  Black Folk Medicine: The Therapeutic Significance of Faith and Trust. New Brunswick: Transactions Books, 1988.



Holloway, Joseph E. The African Heritage of American English. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993. 
Turner, Lorenzo D. Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1949.



Cornelius, Janet Duitsman.  Slave Missions and the Black Church in the Antebellum South.  Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999.
Creel, Margaret Washington. A Peculiar People: Slaves, Religion, and Community-Culture Among the Gullahs. New York: New York University Press, 1989.  
Raboteau, Albert J.  Slave Religion: The Invisible Institution in the Antebellum South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Rosengarten, Dale. Row Upon Row: Sea Grass Baskets of the South Carolina Lowcountry. Columbia: McKissik Museum, University of South Carolina, 1986.
Rosengarten, Dale, Theodore Rosengarten and Enid Schildkrout.  Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art. New York: Museum for African Art, 2008.



Carney, Judith Ann, and Richard Nicholas Rosomoff. In the Shadow of Slavery: Africa's Botanical Legacy in the Atlantic World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.
Carney, Judith A. Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Fields-Black, Edda L. Deep Roots: Rice Farmers in West Africa and the African Diaspora. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008.
Littlefield, Daniel C. Rice and Slaves: Ethnicity and the Slave Trade in Colonial South Carolina. Baton Rogue: Louisiana State University, 1981.


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